Vous avez besoin d'avoir FreeCAD et BOLTS pour FreeCAD installé.
On suppose que le fichier blt pour cette pièce est déjà créée, et que vous avez la fonction python de création de la pièce que vous voulez ajouter à BOLTS. Pour plus d'informations concernant la création de pièces au moyen d'un script dans FreeCAD voir la documentation FreeCAD dans ce sujet.
As an example we use the following function to create washers:
import Part def washer1(params,document): key = params['key'] d1 = params['d1'] d2 = params['d2'] s = params['s'] name = params['name'] part = document.addObject("Part::Feature",name) outer = Part.makeCylinder(d2,s) inner = Part.makeCylinder(d1,s) part.Shape = outer.cut(inner).removeSplitter()
Cette fonction utilise les capacités CSG de FreeCAD, mais il est également possible d’utiliser un script BRep.
It is necessary to write the function such that it is a function of two
parameters, a dict of parameter names and values, and a FreeCAD document. The
keys of this dict will be the names of the parameters of the part, as described
in the blt file. There is an additional parameter
name that holds the name of
In the first part of the function, we are assigning local variables with the
parameter values as a shortcut. In the second part of the function, we add a
new object to the document, create the geometry and assign it to the part.
removeSplitter cleans up artifacts resulting from CSG operation under certain
This function should reside in a file (in this case called
.py in a subdirectory of the freecad directory which is named after
the collection to which the part belongs (in this case
directory must contain a empty file called
__init__.py and the base file for
this collection (in this case
The base file provides BOLTS with all the information it needs to know about the files in a collection directory, it is a kind of manifest file. It contains a list of sections (more precisely base file elements) , each describing one file:
--- - filename: washer.py author: Johannes Reinhardt <firstname.lastname@example.org> license: LGPL 2.1+ <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl-2.1> type: function functions: - name: washer1 classids: [plainwasher1, plainwasher2, plainwasherforcheesehead, heavydutyplainwasher] ...
The hyphens and dots on the first and the last line indicate the begin and end of the metadata (a base file is a YAML file. Between those two markers follows a list of base file elements, one for each file. The begin of a new element is indicated by a hyphen. If there are more than one file in the collection directory, there would be more elements, but here it is only one.
The base file element gives information about the file like the filename, the author and the license under which it is published.
type: function indicates that it contains python functions for
FreeCAD. As a file can contain more than one function, a list of elements
follows, that describe the individual functions. In our case there is only
one, called washer1.
There is the possibility to add an optional
source field which allows to give
information about the origin of the file. If there is a URL from which this
file was downloaded, this can be included here.
classids field contains a list of classids to which this function
applies. BOLTS contains four different classes that describe washers, so in
this case this list is rather long, but in other cases it might only contain
a single entry. Be careful, that the parameter names for all classes in this
list must be the same, otherwise the parameter dict contains unexpected
entries or names can not be found.
When working on base files, pay attention to whitespace and indentation and do not use tabs.
You should now test the newly added part. This is most easily done on the command line by typing
./bolts.py export freecad ./bolts.py test freecad
in the repo directory. This will fire up a FreeCAD instance with the module search path set appropriately, so that typing
on the FreeCAD python console should do the trick.
If BOLTS is started successfully, try adding the newly added part to the current document with different combinations of parameters.
If nothing happens when you try to add the file, there is probably an error
occurring during the execution of the function. Such errors are suppressed by
the gui system, so that no error messages are displayed. You can circumvent
this by activating the
Add part button manually. To do this type
in the FreeCAD python console. This should display exceptions if they occur and
also the output from
When fixing a bug, you have to close FreeCAD, and repeat this step from the beginning. This is a rather tedious development cycle, so taking care when writing the function pays off in this case.
You might want to contribute this part to BOLTS, so that every user can profit from your efforts.